3 Min Read
The dream of owning a home has long been ingrained in the Australian psyche, celebrated as a symbol of financial security and success. However, challenging the notion that property ownership is the only path to wealth creation is crucial. While Australian homes have historically grown in value over time, it's essential to recognise that a home is simply one type of investment and not without its risks and downsides. So let’s explore alternative ways to grow wealth beyond owning a home, including building investment portfolios, utilising superannuation, investing in bonds, engaging in business ventures, and exploring startup opportunities, to demonstrate that there are many paths to wealth creation.
As a renter in today's challenging housing market, witnessing house prices soaring at a pace far beyond the growth of wages and savings can be disheartening. The dream of achieving financial security through homeownership may seem unattainable, adding to the distress. People often refer to rent as 'dead money,' fueling feelings of shame and disempowerment. However, it is essential to remember that renting is merely paying for a basic necessity - shelter. The key to wealth creation lies in our ability to earn, save, and invest wisely. With determination and financial know-how, wealth creation is possible, regardless of whether we own a home or not.
The term ‘as safe as houses’ suggests that an investment in purchasing a home is risk-free, which is simply untrue. Homeownership has its merits, of course, but concentrating all wealth in one asset class can be risky. Often, we focus too much on the fact that national home values have increased by 5.4% on average between 1992-2022 (Corelogic) while ignoring the fact that there is always the risk that an individual property may not grow in value as expected. The significant upfront costs, such as stamp duty and fees, the cost of maintaining the home, and the interest paid on the borrowed money, are often overlooked when celebrating the performance of a home purchase. Diversification is the key to reducing risk and enhancing overall financial resilience. Many Australians invest most of their wealth in their homes, making their net worth highly illiquid and tied to the property market's fluctuations. Moreover, homeownership can anchor individuals to specific locations, limiting flexibility in pursuing career opportunities or lifestyle changes. Additionally, the true cash flow benefit of homeownership usually arises after paying off the mortgage, often late into one's working years. So, while it can be an effective way of building wealth, it’s not without risk or limitation.
The purpose of wealth creation varies from individual to individual, ranging from financial independence, security, flexibility, and freedom. So, if homeownership feels out of reach or misaligned with your lifestyle and personal ambitions, fear not. The opportunity to build wealth is still available to you. To do so, we need to master three crucial components: earning, saving, and investing money. By thinking beyond property ownership, you open up a world of investment opportunities. To build wealth over time, it is crucial to create a comprehensive investing plan and adopt a long-term mindset. When it comes to investing, there is no one-size-fits-all approach; the right strategy depends on your risk tolerance and investment timeline. If in doubt about what’s right for you, always seek help from a professional financial advisor.
Let’s examine five alternative pathways to create wealth.
- Build an Investment Portfolio:
Building an investment portfolio involves creating a mix of assets suited to your risk tolerance and financial objectives. Direct investments in shares and bonds involve purchasing individual shares or bonds of specific companies or governments. This grants more control over your investments but requires in-depth research and monitoring. On the other hand, managed funds pool money from various investors to invest in a diversified range of assets, offering professional management and broad market exposure. Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) are similar to managed funds but trade on stock exchanges like shares, providing easy access to various markets. AREITs (Australian Real Estate Investment Trusts) are a type of managed fund investing in real estate assets. The choice between direct investments and managed funds depends on your investment knowledge, time availability, and risk appetite. Diversifying your portfolio across these assets can help manage risk and enhance potential returns.
Superannuation is a compulsory retirement savings scheme in Australia, with a current contribution rate of 11% for FY24. While it serves as a forced savings mechanism, the real potential lies in its growth over time, as your money is invested in a diversified pool of assets to grow and compound. However, it's crucial to remember that superannuation funds are not accessible until you reach the preservation age, so accessibility should be considered when making investment decisions and planning for wealth creation. You have the freedom to choose how your superannuation is invested, ranging from conservative options like bonds and cash to growth-oriented options like shares and property or you can choose a fund with an ethical investment thematic. By actively managing your superannuation fund and selecting appropriate investment options, you can optimise your retirement savings. Moreover, you can boost your super with voluntary contributions, such as salary sacrificing or personal contributions, which can further enhance your retirement savings and work towards securing a financially comfortable future.
- Investment Bonds:
Investment bonds, also known as insurance bonds, are a tax-effective investment option available. An investment bond is a managed investment, usually operated by an insurance company or friendly society, where your money is pooled with money from other investors and invested in the investment options each investor chooses. The key advantage of investment bonds is their favourable tax treatment. When held for ten years or more, any investment earnings are tax-free. If withdrawn within the ten-year period, tax may still apply, but you can offset the tax liability by taking advantage of the 125% rule, allowing you to withdraw 125% of your original investment without incurring additional tax.
In the context of wealth creation, investment bonds are an attractive option for long-term investments, as they encourage disciplined investing and offer tax benefits. They can be used as a complementary strategy alongside superannuation for retirement planning, as they do not have the same preservation age restrictions. Furthermore, they are flexible and versatile, providing opportunities for estate planning, funding education costs, or saving for a future financial goal. With the potential for tax-free earnings and the ability to make regular contributions, investment bonds can be a valuable addition to a diversified investment portfolio, helping individuals and families build wealth over time.
- Business Ownership
Starting or investing in a business offers significant wealth creation opportunities due to the potential for substantial returns and long-term growth. As a business owner, you have the advantage of building equity in the company and enjoying the profits generated from its success. Successful businesses can also create passive income streams, providing financial security and freedom. Moreover, business ownership allows for greater control over financial decisions and the potential for scalability, where growth can be exponential. However, it is essential to consider the risks associated with entrepreneurship, such as the initial investment, market competition, economic fluctuations, and the potential for business failure. Thorough planning, market research, and risk management strategies are crucial to mitigate these risks and maximise the potential for wealth creation through business ownership.
- Investing in Startups
Investing in startups is well-suited for investors who have a high-risk tolerance and are willing to take a long-term approach to their investments. It is more suitable for sophisticated investors who can conduct thorough evaluation and due diligence on potential start-up opportunities. Access to this type of investment can be gained through various avenues. Angel investing involves direct investments in start-ups, typically made by wealthy individuals who can provide not only capital but also mentorship and expertise. Venture capital funds pool money from multiple investors and invest in start-ups on their behalf, providing access to a diverse portfolio of start-up opportunities. Additionally, crowdfunding platforms have emerged as a way for retail investors (aka everyday people) to invest small amounts in start-ups, allowing for broader participation in this asset class. Regardless of the approach, careful assessment of the start-up's business model, team, market potential, and risk factors is crucial for investors venturing into the world of start-up investing.
Achieving financial success and security extends far beyond the traditional path of homeownership. By exploring alternative investment options and embracing diversification, you can take control of your financial destiny and work towards your unique goals. Remember, wealth creation is a personal journey, and understanding your risk tolerance and investment horizon will guide you towards the right choices. Start building your wealth today with a well-rounded investing plan and a long-term perspective, and watch your financial future flourish beyond the boundaries of home ownership.